An adequate diet should contain a mix of nutrients for physical and mental growth, development and maintenance, and physical activities that are in compliance with human physiological needs at all stages throughout the life cycle.
The human right to food is realized when individuals and communities are healthy and have proper nutrition, making a productive and active life possible.
To achieve nutritional well-being, all phases of the food system have to be taken into account – from the production of seeds, cultivation, harvesting, marketing, transformation, and purchase all the way to consumption and biological and cultural utilization at the individual level. Food security begins with food production, wherefore food systems need to respect the right to adequate food within the context of food production. It is crucial to keep the right to adequate food connected with its nutritional dimension as food trade profits are correlated with hunger, malnutrition, food shortages and poverty.
According to the National Nutrition Survey by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, 19.9 % of children aged 0-5 are underweight in the Philippines in 2013 – only a slight improvement from the previous survey in 2008 with 20.7 % underweight children. Majority of undernourished Filipino children belong to the poorest households which are mostly in the rural areas where food insecurity is high and access to health services, water and sanitation are poor.
FIAN Philippines has a holistic understanding of the right to adequate food that includes its nutritional dimension, it seeks to realize the right to food of all women, men and children by closing the gaps in relevant legal structures.